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Surgical Dentistry

A dental extraction (also referred to as exodontia) is the removal of a tooth from its socket in the jaw bone. Extractions are performed for a wide variety of reasons, including tooth decay that has destroyed enough tooth structure to render the tooth non-restorable. Extractions of impacted or problematic wisdom teeth are routinely performed, as are extractions of some permanent teeth to make space for orthodontic treatment.

The most common reason for extraction is tooth damage due to breakage or decay. There are additional reasons for tooth extraction:

  • Severe tooth decay or infection. Despite the reduction in worldwide prevalence of dental caries, still it is the most common reason for extraction of teeth.
  • Extra teeth which are blocking other teeth from coming in.
  • Severe gum disease which may affect the supporting tissues and bone structures of teeth.
  • In preparation for orthodontic treatment (braces)
  • Teeth in the fracture line
  • Teeth in the fracture line
  • Fractured teeth

The truth is, many people don't need their wisdom teeth removed, even if they are impacted! However, some do need their wisdom teeth extracted particularly those wisdom teeth that are causing problems.

Each individual wisdom tooth is unique and depending on how it grows, it can have different impact on bones and/or tissues.

An impacted tooth refers to any tooth that that is prevented attaining its normal position in the mouth. The most common impacted teeth are the third molars or wisdom teeth.

Wisdom teeth, otherwise known as third molars, are the last set of teeth to develop. They are located in the back of the mouth, near the opening of the throat.

Often, a person's jaw does not grow large enough to accommodate wisdom teeth. Under such circumstances the tooth, which does not have room to come out fails to emerge in proper alignment or gets entrapped between the jaw bone and gum tissue.

Impacted teeth can lead to a number of problems. It can result in swelling, pain and infection of the gum tissue surrounding the wisdom teeth. A severely impacted tooth can cause permanent damage to nearby teeth, gums, and bone and can sometimes lead to the formation of cysts and tumors that can destroy sections of the jaw. Symptoms of impacted teeth include prolonged headache, tooth ache, difficulty in opening the mouth, bad breath, visible gap where a tooth did not emerge.

Just because wisdom tooth is not causing pain or any such problems, it does not mean that it will not cause problems in future. If left unattended, impacted teeth can be a reason for a number of problems in course of time.

In most case, the dentist would advise you to have the tooth removal. It is of no use anyway. Dental x-rays will be used to confirm the presence of one or more teeth that have not emerged. The removal of wisdom tooth is a minor surgical operation. Depending on the complication of the case and expertise of the doctor, the procedure may take up to an hour. Local anesthesia is used to numb the region of tooth removal.

Swelling and soreness is common following the surgery. Typically the surgery does not give rise to any complications. Risk of complications from surgery increases with age. It is thus better to have the problem-causing tooth removed at the earliest.

Wisdom tooth is the hardest tooth in the entire set of teeth and needs an expert to handle its extraction. Dental surgeries though a simple and common procedure, it requires a dental surgeon with expertise and a well equipped dental clinic to deal with the treatment.

Several forms or types of cysts may develop in the mouth cavity. Oral cysts are also called dental cysts, as well as periapical, odontogenic or radicular cysts.

Dental cysts are a very common form of an odontogenic cysts.

In most cases, such cysts are caused by infections that result in the pulp or inner portion of the tooth becoming infected and causing resultant decay, as well as the development of fluid filled sacs or inflamed tissue.

Fluids contained within such as sacs or cysts may be sterile or infected. If not treated, infectious fluids may be reabsorbed and spread infection to other locations in the body.

The most common and beneficial treatment for cysts is excision or removal of the cyst.

Before removing the cyst, the dentist or oral surgeon generally performs a biopsy, which involves the removal of a small portion or piece of tissue from the questionable cyst. The tissue sample is then sent to a laboratory where examination and analysis will be performed.

Cysts commonly form around the wisdom teeth, around impacted wisdom teeth, and in the pulp of teeth, and while the cyst itself might be benign, or harmless, dentists and oral surgeons most frequently suggest their removal before surrounding tissues or bone structures are damaged.

Cyst operations are generally performed under local anesthesia, meaning the patient is awake during the procedure. In most cases, cysts are removed quickly and efficiently in under an hour. Large cysts a require more detailed or extensive surgery, which may or may not require bone reconstruction.

Wisdom tooth is the hardest tooth in the entire set of teeth and needs an expert to handle its extraction. Dental surgeries though a simple and common procedure, it requires a dental surgeon with expertise and a well equipped dental clinic to deal with the treatment.